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The Nepal Earthquake: Why did it happen and why now?

Earthquakes in Nepal above 4 magnitude in the past week.

More than 3000 people have been reported dead, after a massive earthquake hit Nepal on Saturday. This is the major earthquake tragedy in the region since the Bihar earthquake in 1934, which measured 8.2 on the Richter scale and caused over 10,000 fatalities. Why did this quake happen, and why now? In a paper published in February, a team of scientists from the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore, discussed why the region is prone to earthquakes and warned about the possibility of an imminent event.