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What will it take to implement the Paris Agreement? Scientists lead the way.

The warming climate has made the world panic. Although some countries are still skeptical, most scientists agree about the inevitable rise in the temperature of the planet by the year 2030. Several countries have already started a shift towards renewable sources, like solar and with the Paris agreement, the world joined this movement. The Paris Agreement or the Paris climate change accord is an agreement signed by 195 countries with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and deals with the reducing the emission of pollutants and increasing greenery around the globe. The aim of the accord is the reign down the rising mercury and stabilize the warming to around 2 degrees Celsius. India, one of the 195 countries to sign the accord, has promised to bring down its greenhouse gas (GHG)emission by one third by the year 2020. This would include not only switching to renewable sources, but also increasing the forest cover of the country, which act as carbon sinks, absorbing enormous amounts of carbondioxide. To keep to its promise of bringing down the GHG emissions, the country needs to implement policies, investment in transformative technologies and vast amount of research to establish the right way forward. Scientists from IISc have detailed a roadmap to follow to successfully implement the accord. Operationalizing the agreement requires accurate climate modelling, monitoring and verification and also involves poverty alleviation, development and adaptation. The study points to a lack of data and highlights the need research, monitoring, data collection while also maintaining consistency, accuracy and completeness to keep to the goal of one third reduction. The work urges us to take the right measures to keep the country and the earth habitable.