Indigenous people throughout the world from the Amazon to the Andamans are caught in a tricky devastating situation. On the one side, their habitats are being continuously destroyed and the resources that they once depended upon -- like water and forests are being snatched away from them. On the other side there is a pressure of ‘modernization’ pushing them to everlasting poverty. Without a sustainable solution to these challenges that they face, they always remain left out from the mainstream unable to fend for themselves. On this International Day of World’s Indigenous People, let us take a look at the Todas of Nilgiri and understand what it is like to be a tribesman in the 21st century.