A new study conducted by Pallavi Sinha and group from Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University and Boston Medical Centre has concluded that behavioral factors, like alcohol consumption and smoking, and clinical factors, like previous anti tubercular treatment, increases the risk of multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB).
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For the first time ever, scientists from the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, and Indian Institute of Science, Education and Research, Pune uncover the process of transport of fats in the body.
Tuberculosis(TB) has claimed 1.8 million human lives globally according to World Health Organization, in 2015. Despite Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine, the only available vaccine for TB, currently one-third of the world is latently infected with TB due to the incompetence of BCG in adults against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria responsible for TB.
Researchers from the Institute of Public Health (IPH), Bangalore, with the support of the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research of the World Health Organization, have assessed the quality of generic medicine and their branded equivalents in South India. Their results show that the quality of generic medicines from multiple sources was similar to that of the branded medicines.
Scientists at Council for Scientific and Industrial Research- Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT) have, for the first time, used Chrysophanol derived from Himalayan rhubarb to develop MALDI matrix- a matrix used to analyse large molecules.
Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, turn to a tiny species of venomous spider called Lachesana tarabaevi in the search for compounds with anti-microbial properties. They show that peptides derived from the spider’s venom is effective against Staphylococcus aureus.
Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, look into the various ways in which our solid waste management woes can be solved. In their efforts integrated waste management appears as a solution that can help reduce the pollution caused due to open dumping.
Scientists from CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR-IITR) and Babu Banarasi Das University in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh have been studying the properties and behaviour Methylparaben, a commonly used preservative, under various circumstances. Their study reveals that, when exposed to Ultraviolet (UV) light, the molecule, not just loses it ability to effectively perform as a preservative, but also could damage human skin cells.
Vaccination is a very familiar term to us. Every newborn is recommended to follow a vaccination/immunisation schedule. Yet, many of us do not know what vaccines really are or how they prevent diseases.
In an interdisciplinary study, scientists from the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, display how the use of nanotechnologies can be useful in treatment of cancer.