Haven’t we all read about how our ‘genes’ make up who we are— many traits like the colours of our hair and how we look depends on the genes. However, where exactly are these genes? They are in the coiled ‘chromosomes’ found in our DNA. So where exactly in the chromosomes are these genes that decide our height or our eye colour? Well, you then have to zoom the gene locus—the exact physical address of the gene on the chromosome.
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A multi-national team of scientists spanning Asia, Europe, South America and Australasia, including researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, have surveyed nearly 17,000 people across 39 countries to understand why interpersonal relationships differ between societies.
In a recent study, researchers from the Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (InStem), Bengaluru, and the University Hospital of Odense, Denmark, have observed some fascinating aspects of non-dividing stem cells from the bone marrow. The study, partially funded by the Department of Biotechnology, was published in the journal Stem Cell Research.
Researchers from the National Centre for Cell Science, Pune and Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT), Bhubaneswar, have identified a novel noncoding RNA that causes cancer in mice.
In a recent study, researchers at Bengaluru’s St. John’s Research Institute, the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), and St. John’s Medical College and Hospital, have described how the presence of a particular mineral in the urine can tell a tale about the health of our bones. The findings are published in the journal Scientific Reports, and the study was funded by the Wellcome Trust/DBT India Alliance and the Department of Science and Technology.
A team of Irish and Indian biologists from the University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland, the Natural History Museum (NHM), UK, and the University of Delhi (DU), India, have provided detailed descriptions of these newly discovered frogs.
With nine of the ten most polluted cities in the world located in India, the country is grappling with increasing pollution that is affecting the health and wealth of its people. In Delhi, the national capital, the news of increased particulate matter in the air hits the headlines very often. Although anti-pollution masks and air purifiers have gained popularity, they are often expensive and inaccessible to the common man.
Researchers from NCBI, RRI, University of Barcelona, CSIR - Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, CNCI, and University of Queensland tried to understand how cells maintain their shapes in spite of expelling material from their membrane.
Palaeontologists from India have discovered fossil evidence of a hominid species at Tapar in the Kutch basin of Gujarat.
If you have noticed a young child draw clouds, you might observe that irrespective of the size of these clouds, they have the same distinctive shape. Surprisingly, there is a scientific basis for this observation and is said to be because of the ‘fractal’ or self-similar nature of clouds.