Researchers from Gubbi Labs, Bengaluru and ATREE, Bengaluru, have archived the regeneration of forests across an eleven year timespan in the Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu.
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It is in the best interest of a tree to ensure that its seeds are dispersed to far off places where they can get good sunlight and nutrition to grow. This is carried out by the help of frugivores, who eat fruits and transport seeds in their gut. A recent study illustrates how irreplaceable elephants are as seed dispersers using computer simulation and three species of trees with large fruits. The study shows that in the absence of elephants no frugivores can disperse seeds as far or as efficiently.