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Ecology

Bengaluru | May 6, 2020
Listening to birds amidst the urban hustle-bustle

In a recent study published in the Behavioral Ecology journal, Dr Anand Krishnan from the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Pune, studied birds’ singing activity and changes in the community structure of singing birds, before and after the arrival of migrant birds. The findings serve as a framework for monitoring rapidly-changing urban habitats through vocal birds and their singing behaviour. 

General, Science, Ecology, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | May 5, 2020
Genetic diversity in India’s lions is dangerously low, and that’s a big problem

A curious question in science is to know how these different types of lions evolved and how different are today’s lions from their ancestors. In a new study, an international team of researchers have tried to answer these questions by analysing the genes of extinct and living lions. The study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), finds that about 500,000 years ago, modern and now-extinct lions shared a common ancestor. Further, about 70,000 years ago, two different lineages of modern lions emerged. The findings also have implications on the conservation of the remaining lion population, which is just 10% of what it was a century ago.

General, Science, Ecology, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | May 4, 2020
Meet Salazar’s pit viper – a new snake species named after the parseltongue wizard

Salazar Slytherin – the parseltongue wizard who talks with snakes in J.K. Rowling’s fantasy Harry Potter is not just a mystical character name of the Potterverse anymore! Now, its found a place in India’s biodiversity as a newly discovered pit viper from Arunachal Pradesh has been named after this character. 

General, Science, Ecology, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | May 3, 2020
Three new species of horned frogs discovered from the forests of Northeast India

Three new species of horned frogs discovered from the forests of Northeast India. 

General, Science, Ecology, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Apr 29, 2020
A tiger crossing a road in Tadoba National Park, India [Image Credits: Grassjewel / CC BY-SA]

Study finds proposed road construction in the continent could impact tiger populations in 13 countries.

General, Science, Ecology, Society, Policy
Bengaluru | Apr 29, 2020
Patterns of mating interactions in wild zebrafish now unravelled

Animal behaviour studies, which began in the 1970s, had a rocky start as they were viewed as a deviation from biological studies. They try to answer questions relating to why an animal's behaviour differs with different organisms and environmental factors, and the cost-benefits associated with each behaviour. Such studies help to understand not only the biology of the organism but also its ecological role. In one such study, Dr Anuradha Bhat and her group at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, have looked at the mating behaviour of zebrafish.

 

General, Science, Ecology, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Apr 27, 2020
Paparazzi on the black pepper

Researchers identify molecular markers that can help in developing better varieties of black pepper. 

General, Science, Ecology, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Apr 21, 2020

Research Matters is happy to bring you this article as part of the series on Mathematical Modeling and Data Analysis by the Mathematical Modeling team of Indian Scientists' Response to Covid-19 (ISRC). The first part of this series is on Explaining Models of Epidemic Spreading.

Why do we need Mathematical Models for CoVID-19?

General, Science, Technology, Engineering, Ecology, Health, Society, Policy, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Mar 19, 2020
Numbers mean strength, in a dog’s world too

A new study by researchers at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Kolkata, shows that dogs too have developed strategies to coexist with humans, and numbers play a role in it. 

General, Science, Ecology, Society, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Mar 18, 2020
On a search for tough trees for rough Indian roads

Vehicular exhaust is a significant cause of air pollution in India, resulting in the rise of many fatal respiratory illnesses.

General, Science, Ecology, Society, Policy, Deep-dive
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