Scientists from the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, Université libre de Bruxelles- Institute of Neuroscience, Belgium, Indian Institute of Science, Education and Research, Pune and Sophia College for Women, Mumbai are now a step closer to understanding how the development of neural and glial cells – the two primary cell types in our brains – is regulated in a developing brain.
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Scientists from the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research at Mohali, study how a type of genetic material called messenger RNA (mRNA)and how it interacts with STAR proteins. The findings of the study shed light on protein folding and could also be used to design new types of drugs.
For over a century, India has nutured a host of science and technology based institutions. We capture the timeline of these institutions as they were established.
Nature has bestowed each organism the ability to adapt and evolve with time and each such adaptations strengthens the ability of the organism to flourish. The story of carpenter bees, a close relative of honey bees and bumblebees, is no different. In a research study, scientist have observed how different adaptations of males of three different species of carpenter bees influence their ability to find a mate.
Escherichia coli, a poster boy for microbiology research and the notorious bacteria that causes stomach infections, might soon be an unusual source of inspiration for us, humans, for learning how to handle stress! A new study by scientists at the Indian Institute of Science, Education and Research (IISER) Pune, has revealed, for the first time, that E. coli cells become more sturdy and fit when exposed to unpredictably fluctuating environments containing high levels of salts or chemicals, or having extreme pH values. Led by Prof. Sutirth Dey, the study aims to investigate the evolution of fitness and the costs incurred by the bacteria in this process.
Growth impairment, vision problems and chronic kidney ailment are hallmarks of cystinosis, a rare genetic disease that affects children, who, in most cases, do not survive into their adulthood. The disease affects one in about 250000 children worldwide and many of them go undiagnosed in the initial stages, only to be detected at a later stage when complications develop in the kidneys. Now, a new study by researchers and doctors at the Indian Institute of Science and Education Research (IISER), Mohali, and the Madras Institute of Orthopaedics and Traumatology (MIOT), Chennai, may have clues to detecting this disease early on in Indian patients, thus opening up possibilities of early diagnosis and treatment.
Evolutionary changes are manifested in natural populations over many generations, which makes it difficult to observe evolution in real-time. Nevertheless, there are many evolutionary biologists who are keen to understand the intricacies of this process and Prof. N G Prasad from the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Mohali is one of them. Recently, Prof. Prasad and his colleagues published a study based on how fruit flies respond to crowding during larval stages of development.