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Kolkata | Jun 26
Study explores how free-ranging dogs forage food

Researchers at IISER Kolkata study the behaviour of free-ranging dogs in India to understand their food preferences.

General, Ecology, Society, Deep-dive
Kolkata | Jun 26
Inside a cell, scientists decipher how tobacco products cause cancer

Researchers at the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata; University of Otago, New Zealand; Fred Hutchinson Cancer  Research Centre, USA and National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, West Bengal, explain how altered levels of biological molecules, like lncRNA and miRNA, can lead to the development of oral cancer. 

General, Science, Health, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Jun 25
Working night-shifts could lead to insulin resistance, shows study

It is hard to live without a good night’s sleep. However, 22% of the people in industrialised countries do that regularly, when they work in shifts, including those during the night. Working in different shifts disrupts the body’s circadian rhythm—a natural process in our body that regulates the sleep-wake cycle.

General, Science, Health, Society, Deep-dive
New Delhi | Jun 24
Pune researchers discover fungi that can break up polythene

Researchers from Savitribai Phule Pune University have identified two strains of fungi, Aspergillus terreus and Aspergillus sydowii, which can degrade polythene under laboratory conditions.

General, Science, Health, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Jun 20
Melting of glaciers in the Himalayas doubled in the last four decades, reveals spy satellite data

Melting of glaciers in the Himalayas doubled in the last four decades, reveals spy satellite data

General, Science, Ecology, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Jun 18
Researchers study the distribution of the Bumphead parrotfish in the corals of Andamans

Researchers from two Bengaluru-based institutes—the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE), have studied the distribution and the impact of protected marine areas on Bumphead parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum) in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. After months of data collection by scuba diving and capturing underwater photographs of the seafloor, their findings have now been published in the journal Oryx.

General, Science, Ecology, Deep-dive
Mumbai | Jun 17
Improving 3D printing by better understanding heat

Researchers from IIT Bombay and Pennsylvania State University, USA, propose improvements to refine 3D printing using heat. The proposed model can provide accurate processing scenarios for different alloys without trial and error.

General, Science, Engineering, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Jun 14
Tell me why: Scepticism in science

Jack: That, my dear Algy, is the whole truth pure and simple.
Algernon: The truth is rarely pure and never simple.
— 
Oscar Wilde in The Importance of Being Earnest

In a series of articles, Research Matters tries to explain the commonly accepted process of scientific methodology, the interpretation of scientific studies and the obvious pitfalls. It is hoped that this series will help lay public in analysing any understanding published scientific studies for what they are, instead of believing just because ‘scientists say so’. This article is the first in the series.

General, Science, Society, Deep-dive, Friday Features, Joy of Science
Bengaluru | Jun 12
The street smartness of urban lizards

Bengaluru, once called the ‘garden city’, has today traded its greenery for the grey tones of cement. The mushrooming buildings have not only changed the city for its human inhabitants but also for animals that once called this land home. Like us, these animals try to adapt to a new and ever-changing world by learning the tricks and trades necessary to thrive. Now, a study by researchers from IISc has discovered that lizards in the city’s suburbs are street smart, and learn faster than their rural brethren, to stay safe.

General, Science, Ecology, Deep-dive
Guwahati | Jun 10
Is your milk pasteurised? Detection strips from IIT Guwahati can tell you

In this digital age, ruled by smartphone apps, how about one to tell you how fresh your milk is? Although there are stringent safety rules concerning the quality of milk, almost 68% of what is available in the country does not conform to them. In a recent study, researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati have come up with a paper-based detection system to detect if a sample of milk is pasteurised and fresh. This technique, they say, is cost-effective, rapid, user- and environment-friendly.

General, Science, Technology, Health, Deep-dive