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Science

Bengaluru | Dec 3, 2019
Are nanoscale metal-based anti-cancer drugs the future of chemotherapy?

In India, one woman dies of cervical cancer every 8 minutes, and for every two women newly diagnosed with breast cancer, one succumbs to it. In 2018, all over the country, 7,84,821 people lost their lives to cancer. Numerous scientific research is underway to discover new and improved drugs for cancer. Chemotherapy, where anti-cancer drugs are administered to kill cancerous cells, is one of the traditional and most successful treatment methods. In a recent study, Dr Sumit Ghosh, from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, discusses cisplatin, the first-ever metal-based drug used in chemotherapy.

General, Science, Health, Society, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Dec 2, 2019
Indian Statistical Institute at Delhi hosts the 14th annual workshop on probability and stochastic processes

Lectures on Probability and Stochastic processes (LPS), an annual workshop for early-career young researchers in India, begins in the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) Delhi today. The workshop, in its fourteenth year, focuses on the latest advancements in the field of Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes. Held between the 2nd of December to the 6th of December, 2019, the workshop has mini-courses and invited talks, and provides ample networking opportunities for those interested in this field of mathematics.

General, Science, News
Bengaluru | Dec 2, 2019
A newly found species of dung beetle from Arunachal Pradesh adds to India’s biodiversity

In a recent study, scientists from the Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, have found a new species of earth-boring dung beetle in the Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh during one of their field expeditions. Named after the district it was discovered in, Enoplotrupes tawangensis belongs to the family Geotrupidae.

General, Science, Ecology, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Nov 29, 2019
What cues do the root bridges of Meghalaya hold for futuristic architecture?

Since 2012, six bridges have collapsed in Mumbai, killing 28 people and injuring hundreds. Often, news of flyovers and pedestrian bridges tumbling down have made it to the headlines across the country. Although durable materials like steel and concrete are used in today’s structures, poor quality of construction and lack of maintenance are often blamed for such catastrophes. Contrast this with the rock-solid centuries-old root bridges found in Meghalaya—many as old as 250 years and still growing strong—built without modern tools or design. Could the structure of these bridges unravel architectural clues for urban construction? In a recent study, researchers from Germany and the USA have tried to understand the morphology and structure of these root bridges, built out of the aerial roots of strangler figs, and that have endured floods, earthquakes, landslides and fires.

General, Science, Technology, Engineering, Ecology, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Nov 28, 2019
Close Connections: Topoisomerase enzymes, which alleviate DNA stress, connect with critical cell functions

Our genetic material is a big molecule of DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid, whose structure is a double-stranded wound-up helix. It contains specific instructions that run a living cell, and these instructions are written on the strands. When cells divide, the DNA replicates too. In this process, the contents of the strands are read and copied carefully by unwinding the strands. But that's not as simple!

General, Science, Technology, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Nov 27, 2019
Powered by Artificial Intelligence, smartphones can now ward off banana pests

Banana, a nutritionally-rich, delicious fruit, is a widely-cultivated crop across the world and is a staple diet of people living in parts of Africa, Asia and Latin America. Due to pests and diseases, only 13% of the global production is traded, and often, farmers in India experience severe loss due to fusarium wilt or Panama disease. A novel innovation now aims to change the fortunes of banana growers by helping them detect diseases and pests with their smartphone. In a recent study, researchers from the USA, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Ethiopia and India have developed a banana pest detection app powered by artificial intelligence (AI).

General, Science, Technology, Health, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Nov 26, 2019
Can Indian classical music help in relieving hypertension? Yes, says study

Hypertension is the most prevalent chronic ailment in India. According to the National Health Profile (NHP) 2019 data, of all the patients who visited government clinics in 2018, 6.19% of the people were diagnosed with hypertension. It is higher than the people diagnosed with diabetes, the next prevalent chronic disease in India, which accounts for 4.75%. However, the numbers could be an underestimation, since the NHP does not assess people who visit the private clinics.

General, Science, Health
Bengaluru | Nov 25, 2019
About 4 in 5 adolescents in the world not physically active enough, finds WHO study

A new study by researchers at the WHO attempts to throw some insight into how many boys and girls, between the ages of 11-17 years, are physically active across the globe. The study, published in the journal The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health, analysed data from 1.6 million students in that age group during the years 2001-2016. It found that most adolescent boys and girls—four in five—aren’t as physically active as they ought to be in 2016.

General, Science, Health, Society, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Nov 22, 2019
Trading in virtual water: Time to rethink India’s exports?

In a recent study, researchers from Anna University, Chennai, quantified the volume of virtual water trade in India. The study, published in the journal Groundwater for Sustainable Development, focussed on the trade exchange of popular crop and livestock products during the years 2006–2016.

General, Science, Technology, Engineering, Ecology, Policy, Deep-dive
Bengaluru | Nov 21, 2019
Cars, trains, buses or foot—How does Mumbai choose to go to a mall?

Study analyses what drives the choice of transport to shopping malls in Mumbai.

General, Science, Society, Deep-dive
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