It is hard to live without a good night’s sleep. However, 22% of the people in industrialised countries do that regularly, when they work in shifts, including those during the night. Working in different shifts disrupts the body’s circadian rhythm—a natural process in our body that regulates the sleep-wake cycle.
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Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur try to understand the physics behind how a mosquito punctures the skin without causing pain. They found that low-frequency vibrations, along the axis of the needle, considerably reduces the resistance to piercing, thus reducing the pain.
Researchers from the University of Toronto, Canada, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, and the Indian Council of Medical Research have analysed the impact of the national measles immunisation campaign in India.
Researchers from the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh and Maastricht University, The Netherlands, tried to understand the reasons why budding doctors from North India shun rural postings.
Researchers from the IISc and the UAS, Bengaluru, have explained how Salmonella enters a growing plant from the soil.
Researchers from IISc, Bengaluru, and the Kerala Forest Department, have reported the presence of the human malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, in two species of Indian monkeys.
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College and Sassoon Government Hospitals study how household air pollution can affect tuberculosis.
Researchers from ICMR-National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health, Bombay, College of Pharmacy, and Indian Institute of Technology Bombay in Mumbai used popular online algorithms and molecular dynamics, to design an effective antimicrobial peptide.
Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, turn to a tiny species of venomous spider called Lachesana tarabaevi in the search for compounds with anti-microbial properties. They show that peptides derived from the spider’s venom is effective against Staphylococcus aureus.
The screening of humans and people is important to understand and mitigate the risk of a Zika virus epidemic. In their recent study scientists from the indian institute of Science, Bangalore, chalk out the details of how such a program should be carried out.